West Sumatra is inhabited by the
Minangkabau ethnic , from predominant Malaysian origin with
significant Indian and Chinese influences.
The Minangkabau are
one of the last populations to live in a matriarchal
organisation, in strong contrast with the dominant religion,
Other significant religions are also numerically
consistent: Christian (30%) and Buddhist (8%).
language is Indonesian. English is practically unknown and used
only by the educated classes. The cultural influence of the
colonisers, Portugal and Holland is hardly felt.